Kasargod, The land of seven languages and several cultures.The place
of harmonious co-existance of Hindu, Muslim, Christian religions.
The district has famous tourist centers, including the international
fame BEKAL FORT & BEACH. There are also places, which can be
converted to attract the tourists.
A district with a rare beauty and different culture - Kasargod is
poised for growth in the area of Tourism. Karargod is known as the
land of Gods, forts, rivers, hills and beautiful seashores.
The largest and the best
preserved Bekal fort is already in the world tourist map. The old temples
and mosques are rich in unique architecture and culture of this region.
As it was part of Canara, still you can hear Kannada, Tulu, Konkani, Hindi
and Urdu in the region apart from Malayalam.
Kasaragod was part of the Kumbala Kingdom in which there were 64 Tulu
and Malayalam villages. When Vijayanagar Empire attacked Kasaragod, the
Kolathiri King who had Nileswar as his headquarters ruled it. It is said
that the characters appearing in Theyyam, the ritualistic folk dance of
northern Kerala, represent those who had helped king Kolathiri fight against
the attack of the Vijayanagar Empire. During the decline of that empire
in the 14th century, the administration of this area was vested with the
Ikkeri Naikans. They continued to be the rulers till the fall of the Vijayanagar
Empire in 16th century. Then Vengappa Naik declared independence to Ikkeri.
In 1645 Sivappa Naik took the reigns and transferred the capital to Bednoor.
Thus they came to be known as Bednoor Naiks. Chandragiri fort and Bekal
Fort are considered to be part of a
chain of forts constructed by Sivappa Naik for the defense of the kingdom.
Another version says that Shivappa Naik from the Kolathiri Rajas, who
were its owners, captured the fort.
was part of Bekal Taluk in the South Canara district of Bombay presidency.
Kasaragod Taluk came into being when Bekal taluk was included in the Madras
Presidency on April 16, 1882. Though Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar moved
a resolution in 1913 on the floor of madras Governors Council demanding
the merger of Kasaragod Taluk with the Malabar district, it had to be
withdrawn because of the stiff opposition of the members of Karnataka.
In 1927, a political convention held at Kozhicode, passed a resolution
stressing the above demand. In the same year, an organization titled Malayalee
Seva Sangam was constituted. Thanks to the efforts made by many eminent
persons like K.P. Kesava Menon, Kasaragod became part of Kerala following
the re-organisation of state and formation of Kerala in Nov 1, 1956.
Kasaragod is known as the Land of Gods, Forts, Rivers, Beautiful hills and lengthy sandy beaches.
Kasargod is the emporium of cash crops like Areacanut and Coconut. Malik-Deenar Juma Masjid, Malika Arjuna temple and Dolors Church are worshiping places of historical importance. Pulikkunnu, one of the seats of the assembly of gods where 39 Theyyams are presented for the annual festivals. Other features - Important business centre; 31 metre above sea level.
Kasargod is a land with resonant past. Myths and legends abroad... The land of great antiquity. Very colorful and unforgettable. The district is bounded by Karnataka State in the north and east and Kannur district in the south. Tucked far away from the madding crowed lies Kasaragod,the most enchanting district of Kerala. The scene is breath taking. Obviously Kerala is the most beautiful of all the Indian states and Kasaragod undoubtedly shows Kerala at its best.
Kasaragod is the northern-most district of Kerala. It was formed on 24th May 1984. Kasaragod, the district with natural splendor has been a key contributor to the cultural, religious, political and industrial heritage of the State. Kasaragod is also the cradle of many colourful art forms and folk music of Kerala. Kasaragod has a large population of tribals, who maintain an ethos distinctly different from the mainstream culture. It is world renowned for its coir and handloom industries.
A primeval land sweeping
in its untouched splendor, Kasaragod is indeed a paradise on earth and
is brightly destined to be the hill station of the future.
Kasaragod displays a variety of patterns and styles in temple architecture
- the unique style of the Madhur Mahaganapathy temple, the typical Kerala
style of the historic Malik Deenar the Great Juma Masjid and so speaks
volumes about the rich cultural heritage of the region.The rich pageant
of 'Theyyam's deities impersonated rises Kasaragod into a land of fabulous
fantasies. Fishing is a prime source of livelihood. Kasaragod is known
as the land of Gods, forts, rivers, hills and beautiful beaches. The fort
at Bekal is the largest and best preserved in the State.A district with
rare and different beauty, Kasaragod is poised for growth in the area
largest and best-preserved fort in the State. The alluring scene of the
seashore and its exhilarating natural scenary and beauty attracts the
visitors. Fast emerging as an International tourist centre.Bekal,at the
northern tip of Kerala is 140 kms away from Calicut International Terminal.With
the Konkan Railway Line,Bombay will just be 15 hours from Bekal. The beaches,backwaters
and hill stations of Bekal offer a totally different backdrops to the
holiday experience. Large number of forts, big and small like Bekal, Chandragiri,
Hosdurg, Kumbala, Panayal, Kundamkuzhi, Bandaduka etc. reveal the historical
importance of this land. Bekal Fort remains the largest and best-preserved
fort in Kerala. History and legend are interwoven together in Bekal, particularly
regarding its antiquity.
The Bekal Fort (16 Kms south of Kasaragod on the national highway) The
300 year old Bekal Fort is one of the largest and best preserved forts
in Kerala.This imposing circular structure of laterite sites rises 130
ft. above sea level and stands on a 35 acre headland that runs into the
Arabian Sea. Buses are available every 30 minutes from Kanhagad to Bekal.
The Fort appears to have been built up from the seas since almost three
fourth of its exterior is drenched and the waves do stroke the citadel.
The Hanuman temple and the ancient Muslim Mosque nearly hold testimony
to the age-old religious harmony that prevailed in the area. The zigzag
entrance and the trenches around the fort show the defense strategy connected
with the fort. Unlike most other Indian Forts, Bekal fort was not centers
of administration for no remains of a Palace are found within the Fort.
Probably the fort was built for fulfilling the defense requirements. The
holes on the outer walls of the fort are so remarkable that they are specially
designed to defend the fort effectively. The holes at the top are meant
for aiming at the farthest points; the holes below are meant for hitting
when the enemy is nearer and the holes underneath facilitate attacking
when the enemy is very near to the fort. This is a remarkable evidence
for the medieval technology of defense strategy. Apart from this, the
wild and ecstatic beauty of the setting sun is a glorious presence in
Pallikere Beach (1 Km from Bekal Fort):
This Shallow beach offers a spectacular view of the fort and has ample
facilities for recreation and relaxation.
Bekal Hole Aqua Park (1 Km from Bekal Fort):
The only one of its kind in northern Kerala, this unique Aqua Park provides
water sport facilities like pedal boats and water cycles.
Malik Deenar Mosque
Kasargod acquired over the years considerable importance as a center of
Islam on the west coast.The historic Malik Deenar Juma Masjid built in
the typical Kerala style is believed to have been founded by Malik Ibin
Dinar.The Juma Masjid, which is one of the best kept and most attractive
in the districts is located at Thalankara.
Kappil Beach (6Km from Bekal fort)
Remote and secluded , this beach is fast becoming a major attraction.
The wide beach and calm waters promise you an experience without parallel.
The Kodi cliff nearby offers a panoramic view of blue skies and rolling
sands, making your visit one to remember.
Anandasaram (15 kms from Bekal)
This internationally renowned spiritual centre founded by Swami Ramdas
in 1939, offers a quiet, peaceful ambience best suited for meditation
and spiritual studies.
Ananthapura Lake Temple (30 Km from Bekal)
9th century temple is the only lake temple in Kerala and is the moolasthanam(original
abode) of Anandapadmanabha, the deity of Sri. Padmanabha Swami Temple,
Valiaparamba (30 Kms from Bekal)
This perhaps is the most scenic backwater stretch in Kerala . Fed by four
rivers and dotted with numerous little islands, Valiaparamba is fast turning
into a much favoured backwater resort that offers enchanting boat cruises.
Chandragiri Fort (10 Kms from Bekal)
Situated on the Chandragiri river, southeast of Kasaragod town , this
town is known for its large 17th century fort built by Sivappa Naik of
Bedanore. The Chandragiri fort, one of a chain of forts built by the same
ruler, offers breathtaking view of the meandering Chandragiri river and
the Arabian Sea. It is a vantage point to watch the sunset.There is a
mosque nearby . The ancient Kizhur state Temple at Chandragiri has an
annual festival called Pattu Utsavam.
Chandragiri Cruises (10 Kms from Bekal)
A cruise in a speed boat down the picturesque Chandragiri river, takes
you around evergreen islands and coconut palm groves. The boarding point
is conveniently located beside the Chandragiri bridge.
The temple town is located 5 Kms from Kanhangad in Hosdurg taluk. The
famous Madiyam Kovilakam Temple is dedicated to Goddess Bhadrakali. The
ancient temple has intricate wood carvings on Palazhimadhanam, sitaswayamvaram
and Dakshayagam.The annual nine day festival of 'pattutsavam' is celebrated
here, various cultural and religious programmes are held during the festival.
The village also 13 mosques and one church. There is also an 'Anandaswaram',
founded in 1939 by Swami Ramdas, a great Vaishnava saint.
Hindu Pilgrim centre, 8 km from Kasaragod, it is well known for the Srimad
Anantheswara Vinayaka Temple or Mahaganapathi Temple. The sacred temple
even finds mention in the Sahyadri Centre of Skanda Purana. The sacred
thirtham of the temple well is believed to cure all diseases. The imposing
structure of Srimad Anantheswara Vinayaka Temple-the rich architecture
and copper plate roofing rises majestically against the beautiful landscape
on the banks of Madhuvahini.
A number of temples and fifteen mosques make this cashew growing town
a prominent pilgrim centre. The memorial of the late Sri Govinda Pai,
the grand patriarch of kannada literature, is situated at Manjeswaram
. At Kanwatheeratha beach (3 km from Manjeswaram), a large swimming pool-like
formation of the sea on the vast beach is the main attraction.Jain Temples:
There are two old Jaina Bastis at Bengara Manjeswar on the southern bank
of Manjeswar river.Churches: About 11 Kms from Kumbla on the Kumbla -
Badiadka road is the Mother Dolorus Church of Bela. The hundred year old
Roman Catholic Church is built in the Gothic style. The Our Lady of sorrows
Church constructed in 1890 is the oldest in the district.The memorial
of the late Govinda Pai, the grand patriarch of Kannada literature, is
located at Manjeshwaram.
Kanhangad / Hosdurg Fort.
This is renowned for its chain of forts built by Somashekara Nayak of
Ikkeri Dynasty and also for the Nithyanandashram, an internationally recognized
spiritual centre. Somashekara Nayak captured Manjeswar and Thaliparamba
and built a fort at Kanhangad Hosdurga [new fort].
Located 15km. north of Kasaragod, the little town is known for the oldest
church in the district. The church Our Lady of Sorrows was constructed
Tular Vanam (4km East of Panathur)
Also known as Kekulom (the eastern place).The temple here is consecrated
to Kshetrapalan and Bhagavathi.The eight day annual festival commencing
from Sivarathri,attracts large crowds from all over the district as well
as from Coorg.
Central plantation Crops &Research Institute
The institute was established in 1970 by the Indian Council of Agricultural
Research,has its headquarters in Kudlu,5km north of Kasargod.The CPCRI
serves as a national forum for improving the genetic potential of plantation
crops,to produce genetically superior planting materials for coconut ,arecanut,spices
A rock rising in the sea about 2 km from theTrikkannad temple,Pandiyan
Kallu is an ideal spot for adventurous swimmers.Legend has it that the
ship of one of the Pandiya Kings who attacked the Thrikkannad temple was
converted into a rock.
Edneer Mutt (10 km north east of Kasargod)
The Mutt of Edneer renowned as a seat of art and learning belongs to the
Kanwatteertha Beach (3 Km from Manjeswaram)
A large swimming pool - like formation of the sea on the vast beach is
the main attraction. PLACES OF MAJOR ATTRACTION AND IMPORTANCE
45 KMs east of Kasargod town. Famous for its ancient Siva Temple belonged
to have been founded by Arjuna. The place where the Kiratha Yuddham battle
between Arjuna and Lord Siva took place according to legend. The adjascent
forest not frequented by men is considered the abode of Lord Siva and
his devine consort. The stream below the valley is nature bounty.
The famous Madiyan Kulom temple is situated in Ajanur village. It is about
five kms. from Kanhangad, the headquarters of Hosdurg taluk. The main
deity of the temple is Bhadrakali; but there are also other deities like
Kshetrapalan, Bhagavathi and Bhairavan. A pecularity of this temple is
that a Brahmin priest performs pooja only in the noon, while the morning
and evening poojas are performed by a sect called Maniyanis. The festivals
in the temple fall during the months of Edavam (May, June) and Dhanu (December,
January) and on these days all the poojas are performed in connection
with this festival.
ANANDASHRAM & NITYANANDASRAMAM These
are the two notable asramams in Kanhangad. Anandashramam, situated about
five kms. east of the Kanhangad Railway Station, was founded in 1939 by
Swami Ramadas, a great Vaishnava saint of modern times. The main asramam
and other buildings have a beautiful setting in the midst of shady mango,
coconut and other groves.There is a hill to the east of the asramam, to
which the dovotees retire for quiet meditation and from its west, the
surrounding extensive landscape can be seen in its natural grandeur. The
spot at the highest point of the hill is so fascinating that the devotees,
who go up the hill and sit silently, are blessed with deep peace and transquillity.The
Nityanandasramam, which is situated on the hillock about half a km. south
of the Hosdurg taluk office, was founded by Swami Nityananda. The spot
was at first part of a forest area. Here Swami Nityananda constructed
45 guhas (caves) in a mountain slope. There is a temple built in 1963,
after the style and design of the famous Somanatha Temple in Gujarat.
A full size statue of Swami Nityananda in sitting posture made of panchaloha
is one of the attractions of the asramam.
ANANTHAPURA LAKE TEMPLE
The only lake temple in Kerala and the Moolasthanam (original seat) of
Ananthapadmanabha Swami (Sri Padmanbha Swami Temple) Thiruvananthapuram.
is 5 km. from Kumbla. Local belief is that Ananthapadmanabha had settled
down here originally. The industrial park of KINFRA is situated here.
BELA CHURCH Our Lady of Sorrows Church - oldest in the district
constructed in 1890 AD. 15 KM north of Kasargod. This Gothic style Roman
Catholic church which is uner the Manglore Diocese, has celebrated its
centenary recently and also renovated.
Another centre in Ajanoor village renowned as the birth placeof Poet P.Kunhiraman
Nair, veteren freedom fighter and playright Vidwan P.Kelu Nair and Rasika
siromani Kanan Nair. A cultural centre of the district.
CHANDRAGIRI FORT Chandragiri
lies three kms. south of Kasargod town. It has a large square situated
high above the Chandragiri river on its southern bank. The fort it said
to have been built in the 17th century by Sivappa Nayak of Bednore, who
established his authority over the area and built a chain of forts. The
Chandragiri river, on the bank of which it rises, marked the traditional
boundary between Kerala and the Tuluva Kingdom. There is a beautiful bridge
over the Chandragiri river at Thekkil, five miles from Chandragiri. A
mosque is situated nearby and the view of the bridge with the mosque in
the background is one of the most attractive sights on a drive along the
NH 17 from Kannur to Kasargod. A longest railway tunnel in Kerala passes
through Chandragiri Hills. A boat club has been recently started here.
The place of illustrious poets and scholars of Kuttamath Kunniyur family.
The Veeramala hills at this place has the ruins of a Dutch fort built
in the 18th centuary, is a picnic spot.
It is 10 Km. North East of Kasargod. This Mutt belongs to the Sankaracharya
tradition, presently renowned as a seat of art and learning.GOVINDA PAI
MEMORIAL In Manjeswar, is the native place of M.Govinda Pai (1883-1963),
one of the greatest Kannada poets of modern time. He was conferred the
title of "Poet Laureat" by the erstwhile Government of Madras.
He is known as Rashtra Kavi Govinda Pai.
The fort with its round bastion looks imposing from a distance. Somashekara
Nayak of Ikkeri dynasty built the fort. The place made well known by the
Nithyanandasram with 45 caves.
An evergreen forest of about 50-60 acres with a perenial stream is a centre
of worship connected with Kammadam Bhagavathi Temple.KANJAN JUNGA 16 KMs
east of Kasargod is an artist village, established by Artist P.S.Pununchithaya,
the renowned artist of the west coast.
KANWATHEERTHA BEACH RESORT
3 Km. north of Manjeshwar, has a large swimming pool lake, and a beach
of 4 Km. length. The swimming pool is formed by sea water in the neat
vast beach is one of the gifts of nature.
Running through the hills and dales of Hosdurg Taluk. Immorlised as Tejaswini
by great novelist Niranjana laps on its shore. The famous village of Kayyur
- the cradle of agrarian revolutions where the farmers and farm workers
staged a historic battle against feudalism and the British imperialism.
The Muncipal town is situated on the bank of river Chandragiri. The confluence
of several languages and culture where eight languages are spoken. The
splendour of Kasaragod Saree comparable to that of Kanjeepuram is a cynosure
of the market.
. KOTTANCHERI HILLS
The rain forest near Konnakkad 30 KM north- east of Kanhangad. Beautiful
picnic centre and ideal for trekking. Thalakkaveri in the Brahmagiri mountain
of Coorg is near this hills. Reflection of genetic beauty of Kodaikkanal.
Mud fort build by the Nileshwar Rajas and later annexed by Bednore Nayaks
in the 18th centuary. A Juma masjid and a Hindu shrine stand close by.
Kasargod suburb - 4Km. towards north, where famous eight day discourse
between Madhavacharya, the great Dwaita Philosopher and Trivikrama Pandit,
the famous Adwaita Scholar took place, in the presence of King Jayasimha
of Kumbla ended in the victory of Madhavacharya and the acceptance of
Dwaita philosophy by Trivikrama Pandit. The 75 year old CPCRI - the premier
plantation crop research institute is located here.
13 Km. north of Kasargod. The ancient seat of Rajas of Kumbala. The town
stands on a bold peninsula in a lagoon seperated from the sea by a sand
spit and connected to it by a narrow channel. Parthi Subbha, father of
Yakshagana was born here in the 18th centuary. Famous Gopalakrishna temple
KMs north east of Kasargod. Famous Srimad Anantheswara Vinayaka temple
is situated here.
The rich architecture, imposing structure of the temple, with its turrests
and gables and the copper plate roofing rises magestically against the
beautiful land scape of hills paddy fields and gardens with the river
Madhuvahini flowing leisurely in front of it. The Madhur Temple is a Siva
temple with Srimad Anantheswara as its presiding deity. But importance
is given to the deity Maha Ganapathi. The Sivalingam of the temple is
said to have been found by a harijan woman, Madharu.The special festival
of the temple is Moodappa Seva, which is covering the large figure of
Maha Ganapathi with appam made of ghee and rice. The festival is conducted
only periodically in view of the huge expenditure involved. It was celebrated
in April 1962, after a lapse of about 160 years, and recently in April
1992.Namaskara Mandapam of the temple has been decorated with beautiful
figures of puranic heros in wood. A closer examination of the woodcarvings
would disclose the various episodes of the Ramayana, beginning with the
Seethga Swayamvaram. The Mantapam in the interior of the temple building
as well as the outside façade of the second and third storeys of the main
building are also profuse with attractive and exquisite wood carvings.It
is said that the temple was attacked by Tippu Sultan of Mysore during
his invasion and he felt thirsty and drunk the water from the temple well,
which changed his mind and left the temple without damaging it. There
is a mask on the temple, which is said to be made by Tippu with his sword.
MALIK DINAR MOSQUE
Over the years, Kasargod acquired the considerable importance as a centre
of Islam on the west coast. It is the site of one of the mosques believed
to have been founded by Malik Ibn Dinar. The mosque, Juma Masjid, which
is one of the best kept and most attractive in the district, is located
at Thalangara. It contains the grave of Malik Ibn Mohammed, one of the
descendants of Malik Ibn Dinar and the place is sacred to Muslims. Another
notable mosque, in Kasaragod is the Theruvath Mosque which is in the centre
of the town. An important local celebration takes place every year in
commemoration of the arrival of Malik Ibn Dinar. The Uroos attract pilgrims
from all over India.
Eight Km. east of Kasargod on the Kasargod-Perla road. There are ancient
palaces of Kumbala Rajas.
Situated in the heart of the Kasargod town is one of the famous temple
in Kasargod district. The temple festival and yakshagana are most attractive.
Lies in the northern most extrimity of Kerala and a place of historical
and religious importance. For a long time it was the seat of a flourishing
community Gowda Saraswatha or Konkini Brahmins. Famous for the two old
Jaina Bastis at Bangra Manjeswar. Manjula Kshethra Mahathmya a legend
which deals with the history of this place. The birth place of Rashtra
Kavi Govinda Pai.
Famous for Uroos, this mosque attracts thousands. Very near to Kasargod
town. The Nercha celebration, during the second half of November, lasts
for one week.
Abbreviated form of Nilakanta Iswar. Formerly seat of Nileshwar Rajas
who belonged to the Kolathiri family. The place witnesed the battle between
Bednore Nayaks and Nileshwar Rajas. The cultural centre of the District.
In and around there are several Kavus where nature, God and man commune
serene silence. Major among them is Mannan purathu Kavu, wherethe grand
finale of the annual temple festival of the region takes place. Porattu
of Anjoottambalam Veerarkavu draws large crowds. Porattu is the satrical
representation of everyday life presented in pageantry during the Poram.
Out of the 28 Muchilottu Bhagavathi temples, Perne in the northern most
and the only one north of Chandragiri seema situated in the vicinity of
Ananthapuram. The mass marriage at the time of Pooram festival in the
month of Meenam is a unique feature of this temple.
An ideal picnic centre and tourist resort located on a hillock 487.68
metres above sea level in Dharmathadka 30 KM north-east of Kasargod. From
the hill top one can see the Arabian Sea, Manglore, Kudremukh, etc.
An old fashoned fort on the Kasargod-Mulleria route about 10 KMs from
Formerly known as Madathumala. About 48 KMs east of Kanhangad. Lying 780
metres above sea level. In beauty and boundry of nature comparable to
Ooty. An ideal place for trekking. Tourist cottages are available here.
The old seat of Thazekkattu mana famous for T.S.Thirumumbu, poet and freedom
fighter. Birth place of Guru Chandu Panikkar the famous Kathakali artist.
TRIKKANAD & PANDYAN KALLU
A famous temple on the seashore near the Bekal fort, dedicated to Lord
Siva. Also known as Dhakshina Kashi. Pandyan Kallu, a rock rising in the
sea about 2 KM from Trikkannad is an ideal place for adventurous swimmers.
It has the legend that ship of one of the Pandya King who attacked the
Trikkannad temple was converted into a rock by Lord Siva. Palakkunnu Bhagavathi
Kshethram, one KM north of Trikkannad is famous for annual Bharani festival,
which attracts thousands.
Also known as Kekulom (the eastern place). Near Panathur Temple here is
consecrated to Kshethrapalan and Bhagavathy. Eight day annual festival
attracts large crowd from all over the district as well as from Coorg.
5 KMs south west of Cheruvathur seperated from the mainland by back waters.
One of the main tourist spots of the District. This is an island in the
Arabian Sea. An ideal place for picnic also a fishing centre.
Situated at Cheruvathur. Hilltop with ruins of a Dutch fort built in the
18th century. A picnic spot from where the natural beauty of Kariangode
River and surroundings can be enjoyed.